Assemblage Art – Collage Creativity Amalgamated With Imagination

Have you ever heard of ‘Assemblage Art’? Well, actually, this is an art form which is similar to ‘collage making.’ Some keys to this form of art are creativity and an effective portrayal of imagination. Several dissimilar ‘found objects,’ like wood, paper, fabric, plastic, or leaves, are organized in a three-dimensional plane, according to the respective thematic fashion of a work in Assemblage art. As Donald Barthelme, the famous literary author and art admirer, have quoted, “…the principle of collage is the central principle of all art in the 20th century.”

This form of art was first seen in the works of revolutionary artists, like Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963). Picasso introduced collages through his painting, “Still Life with Chair-Caning (1911-12)” while Braque would mix sand and sawdust in order to create a new texture to paint with. ‘Assemblage Art’ officially started way back in 1950. At that time, artist Jean Dubuffet created a series of collages, “assemblages’ d’empreintes,” where he portrayed butterfly wings. Another landmark name in this field is Joseph Cornell (1903-72) His contemporary painting became known with its boxes oriented works, such as choosing a glass painted front and then placing Victorian pictures. An undertone of ‘Surrealism’ is always carried by the boxes as it never failed to convey a political or revolutionary message. It was his interactive assemblages like “Medici Slot Machine” boxes that became the exemplary of the highest order.

It was in the New York Museum of Modern Art when first ever exhibition on ‘Assemblage Art’ occurred and that was in the year 1961. Such exhibition was an instant hit. Braque, Marcel Duchamp, Dubuffet, Kurt Schwitters, Picasso, Man Ray, Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Cornell were among the prominent artists whose works were included in the gallery paintings. Some of the main objects that were used in the exhibited works were welded materials, natural, as well as recycled products.

Another master sculptor who made use of welded and automobile wreck pieces in his works was the American artist named John Chamberlain who was born in 1927. Minoru Ohira (b. 1950), Robert H. Hudson (b. 1938), Fred H. Roster (b. 1930), Edward Kienholz [(1927-94) who is the creator of the tableaux, “the Beanery”, and Daniel Spoerri (b. 1930) who is the creator of “snare pictures” from the used food objects & utensils are among the other renowned assemblage artists. There are also female artists in this field and those who have shown high competence in ‘Assemblage Art’ are Louise Nevelson (1899-1988) and Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. Louise American was an ‘Abstract Expressionist’ artist who was mainly admired for her exceptional employment of the used pieces of wood in her artistic composition. A 3-stories high assemblage was one of her famous works.

Owing to its usefulness, ‘Assemblage Art’ are created with manufactured, natural, waste, sand, junk beds, beaches, waste ground, including basically any tangible and usable object. It is the manifestation of the artist’s imagination that has the real essence in this art form more than the use of object. Because of the mystery and innovation of ‘Assemblage Art,’ numerous young art students were attracted. As a consequence, evolution and excellence of this art field continuously occurred just like the field of abstract art.

One Response to “Assemblage Art – Collage Creativity Amalgamated With Imagination”

  1. Interesting that Picasso was into “assemblage art.” I’m familiar with him as an etcher and painter, but didn’t know he was a ground breaker in this “media.” Not surprising…he was an incredibly prolific and influential artist.

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