Abstract Art and Its Three Divisions

Generally speaking, when we say abstract art, it refers to any type of art where physical things found in the world have nothing to do with it. Very often, this type of art is seen as an abstraction of the intrinsic worth of a physical object which is transformed into a visual art where you cannot actually see a portrayal of its materialistic value. The artist, in this case, gets a common object and then he either makes the object simpler into its tiniest doable form or rather overstates it.

Abstract art originated way back in the 20th century. It was during that time when people drew their pictures on dirt.  By reason of the impressionist movement in art, later known as abstract impressionism, this became much more rampant.

Surrealism is the ancestor of Abstract impressionism. In the latter case, you could see borders or artistic outputs that is unsystematic and which does not refer to any subject matter to start with. It can be said that these paintings, drawings, and sculptures are more of subliminal in origin. This simply means that they are not works which were supposed to be understood by means of conservative admiration of what beautiful really is. Abstract art is divided into three divisions and they are Abstract Neoplasticism, Abstract Cubism, and Abstract Expressionism.

For the first division which is Abstract Cubism, it is primarily composed any geometrical figure and not of literal cubes so as to show what an artist is really thinking. Splitting objects into various parts and then putting them back into a different form where reality can never be seen is one aspect of cubism. This began way back in 1908 and became prominent in the year 1914. Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso are the most renowned in this type of abstract art.

The next abstract art division is Abstract Neoplasticism. It originated from the principle or idea that an art should not be a copy or a reproduction of physical objects which can be perceived through the eyes of man. It is believed that art should rather be an expression of what is supreme in life where the same can be seen in either horizontal or vertical lines. Also, the artists make use of colors used which are only primary plus they do not make use of complicated hues like those done by contemporary artists or painters in their contemporary paintings. Neoplasticism is a movement that began in 1910, which is two years after cubism arose. Theo van Does burg and Piet Mondrian are the two most renowned painters in this type of abstract art.

Lastly, the third division known as Abstract Expressionism refers to a reflection of the artist’s or painter’s personality which is expressed by means of unsystematic and spur-of-the-moment painting. Generally speaking, abstract expressionism has two types and they are Color Field Painting and Action Painting. A color field painter is very much anxious on the shapes that he makes use of in order to create a masterpiece. Also, the artist is very picky with the colors that he makes use of in his abstract paintings. Mark Rothko is the best known color field painter.

One Response to “Abstract Art and Its Three Divisions”

  1. I also think that Mark Rothko is fabulous. not only he is an exemplary artist, he also has has made his name as a color field painter.

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